This guide provides a brief introduction to the UK public finances and to the terms used to describe them in the official statistics. We describe the main sources of government income and spending, and explain how these are used to calculate whether the government is running a surplus or a deficit. We also explain how government debt is defined and calculated.
- Economic and fiscal outlook
- Fiscal sustainability report
Long-term projections of the UK public finances and public sector balance sheet analysis.
- Forecast evaluation report
Report into how our forecasts compare to subsequent outturn data and identifying lessons for future forecasts.
- Welfare trends report
An in-depth look at the drivers of welfare spending both inside and outside the Government’s welfare cap.
- Monthly public finance release
Our monthly commentary on the latest public finances data and how it compares to our most recent forecast.
- Brief guides and explainers
Short guides to the economy and public finances for non-expert readers.
- All other publications
In-depth discussion and technical papers, devolved tax forecasts, press releases and disclosures.
Five year forecasts for the UK economy and public finances and an assessment of whether the Government is likely to achieve its fiscal targets.